NEW DELHI: Crime rate registered per lakh population went up marginally to 385.5 in 2019 as compared to 383.5 in 2018. A total of 51.56 lakh cognizable crimes comprising 32.25 lakh Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes and 19.30 lakh Special & Local Laws (SLL) crimes were registered in 2019. This marks an increase of 1.6% in registration of cases over 2018, as per the National Crime Records Bureau report on Crime in India – 2019 released on Tuesday.
During 2019, registration of cases under IPC went up by 3% whereas SLL crimes declined marginally by 0.6% over 2018. Percentage share of IPC crimes in total cognisable crimes was 62.6% while percentage share of SLL cases was 37.4% .
As many as 10.5 lakh cases of offences affecting the human body were registered in 2019, which accounted for 32.6% of total IPC crimes. Hurt accounted for maximum 5.45 lakh cases or 51.9% of such offences, followed by cases of causing death by negligence (13.8%) and cases of kidnapping and abduction (10%).
The cases registered under offences against the human body depict a marginal increase of 1% in 2019 over 2018 , though the crime rate (78.6) remains the same. A total of 28,918 cases of murder were registered during 2019, showing a marginal decrease of 0.3% over 2018. ‘Disputes’ (9,516 cases) were the motive for the highest number of murders during 2019 followed by ‘personal vendetta or enmity’ (3,833 cases) and ‘gain’ (2,573 cases). A total 1.05 lakh kidnapping & abduction were registered during 2019, showing a marginal decrease of 0.7% over 2018.
Crimes against women registered a 7.3% increase from 3.78 lakh cases in 2018 to 4.05 lakh cases in 2019. Majority of cases under crime against women under IPC were registered under ‘cruelty by husband or his relatives’ (30.9%) followed by ‘assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty’ (21.8%), ‘kidnapping & abduction of women’ (17.9%) and ‘rape’ (7.9%). The crime rate registered per lakh women population is 62.4 in 2019 in comparison to 58.8 in 2018.
The data on offences against public tranquility show a total of 63,359 cases booked under various sections of IPC during 2019, out of which rioting (46,209 cases) accounted for 72.9% of such cases. The cases of offences against public tranquility have decreased by 17.6% in 2019 over 2018.
The crime rate registered per lakh children population is 33.2 in 2019 in comparison with 31.8 in 2018.
A total of 7,569 cases of offences against the State were registered in 2019 as compared to 8,536 cases in the year 2018, showing a decrease of 11.3%. Out of 7,569 cases, 80.3% of cases were registered under the Prevention of Public Property Act (6,079) followed by 1,226 (16.2%) cases under The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.
Over 1.65 lakh economic offences cases were registered in 2019, showing an increase of 6.1% in registration over 2018 (1,56,268 cases). Out of three specified category of economic offences viz. criminal breach of trust, FCF (forgery, cheating & fraud) and counterfeiting, FCF accounted for maximum of such cases (1.43 lakh), followed by criminal breach of trust (20,833 cases) and counterfeiting (1,040 cases) during 2019.
Cyber crimes registered a 63.5% jump over 2018. During 2019, 60.4% of cyber-crime cases registered were for the motive of fraud (26,891 out of 44,546 cases) followed by sexual exploitation with 5.1% (2,266 cases) and causing disrepute with 4.2% (1,874 cases).
As many as 4,243 cases under provisions of Prevention of Corruption Act were registered in 2019 by state anti-corruption bureaux (ACBs) as compared to 4,129 cases in 2018, showing a 2.8% increase. Out of 4,243 cases, majority, i.e., 67.7% were trap cases (2,873) followed by 14.5 % cases relating to criminal misconduct (618). A total of 4,422 persons were arrested, 1,092 persons convicted and departmental action taken against 705 persons.



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